Kiribati (pronounced Kir-i-bas) is made up of 3 groups of islands (the Pheonix islands, the Gilbert islands and the Line islands) and one solitary island (Banaba). Kiribati is one of the world's poorest countries, with few natural resources and is considered to be one of the least developed countries in the world.

Kiribati has limited domestic production ability, due to poor soil conditions that are not suitable for agriculture. Seaweed farming is an important part of the economy, but the majority of essential foodstuffs must be imported. Kiribati gets a large portion of its income from abroad, including from fishing licenses, development assistance, worker remittances, and tourism.

Water quality and supply in urban areas of South Tarawa and Kiritimati are a significant issue due to periodic storm surges and droughts, with the majority of water obtained from groundwater lenses through the use of shallow wells.  Due to the lack of sewage treatment on the islands, groundwater supplies...